along line of Panama Railroad = Lion Hill, Panama.
Until recently considered conspecific with S. sibilator, S. albocinereus and S. subcanescens, but detailed review#R indicates that present form differs from others in its extensive white wing-coverts (3); plainer, greyer back (2); white tail tip (1); and, vocally, lack of whistles (3), lack of downstroke song (3) and lack of chattering song (ns). Monotypic.
E Panama (E from E Colón and C Panamá Province), NW Colombia (S from Chocó and Córdoba) and NW Ecuador (locally in W Esmeraldas to S Pichincha and N Manabí).
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
Only subscribers are able to see the bibliography. Login or Subscribe to get access to a lot of extra features!