Family Typical Owls (Strigidae)

Near Threatened

Chocolate Boobook (Ninox randi)


French: Ninoxe de Rand German: Schokoladenkauz Spanish: Nínox chocolate
Other common names: Philippine Boobook

Ninox scutulata randi


, 1951,

Catagán, at base of Mt Malindang, Misamis, Mindanao


Until recently, considered conspecific with N. scutulata (along with N. japonica and N. obscura), but differs distinctly in vocal characters and in part also mensurally#R, and species status accepted here even though these may not be enough (or not sufficiently enumerated) to total 7 under the scoring system used herein; Palawan form palawenensis is treated as a race of N. scutulata. Monotypic.


Philippines: Luzon, Marinduque, Mindoro, Negros, Cebu, Siquijor, Mindanao, Basilan.

Descriptive notes

27–33 cm; 200–220 g. Medium-sized boobook (wing 228–242 mm, tail c. 134 mm), most similar to allopatric N. scutulata. Upperparts dark... read more


Song is a series of low-pitched (0·3–0·6 kHz) “whoop” notes... read more


Found in primary lowland rainforest, second-growth forest and mangroves, where it tends to avoid... read more

Food and feeding

Little information. Probably takes insects like other boobooks; robust feet and bill, and relatively large body size, suggest it also takes... read more


Young reported in Jun; otherwise no published information on nesting. Presumably nests in tree hollows like other boobooks.


Sedentary. Record (sighting and recording of song) from Karakelong I (SE of Mindanao) on 2 Sept... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Currently considered Near Threatened. CITES II. In general, a very poorly studied species, with no hard data on global numbers, population trends or... read more

Recommended citation

del Hoyo, J., Collar, N. & Marks, J.S. (2020). Chocolate Boobook (Ninox randi). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 25 January 2020).