French: Orthonyx de Spalding German: Schwarzkopfflöter Spanish: Colaespina de Spalding
Orthonix [sic] spaldingii
E. P. Ramsay, 1868,
Rockingham Bay, Queensland, Australia.
Two subspecies recognized.
Subspecies and Distribution
O. s. melasmenus
Schodde & Mason, 1999 – NE Australia in coastal ranges from Mt Amos and Mt Finnegan S to Thornton Range (NE Queensland).
O. s. spaldingii
E. P. Ramsay, 1868 – Macalister and Herberton Ranges S to Seaview and Paluma Ranges (NE Queensland).
24–29 cm; male 150–215g, female 113–144 g. Male nominate race has crown and nape black, eyering pale blue-grey, upperparts dark olive-brown, upperwing dark... read more
Song a loud, ringing “chow-chilla-chow-chow-chilla” or “chowy-chook-chook chowy-... read more
Tropical rainforest, including primary forest and areas of regrowth 20–30 years old, usually... read more
Food and feeding
Insects and other terrestrial invertebrates; occasionally frogs, small lizards, and seeds. Forages on ground. Initially removes leaf litter... read more
Season extends throughout year, eggs in May–Feb (usually Jul–Dec), young leave nest in wet season; usually one brood per season... read more
Sedentary. All recaptures of marked individuals made less than 10 km from initial ringing site.
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened. Restricted-range species: present in Queensland Wet Tropics EBA. Common. Has suffered some reduction of range as a result of habitat loss, but no... read more
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