J. E. Gray, 1830,
India = Srinagar.
Closely related to A. graeca, A. magna and A. philbyi#R, and all four have been considered conspecific. Name falki is a replacement for kakelik, which is regarded as indeterminate. Hybridizes readily with congeners where one or the other introduced. Geographical variation complex, with marked clinal variation and much intergradation; many additional races described, including, among others, caucasica (synonymized with kleini), scotti (included in cypriotes), daghestanica and armenica (both now in kurdestanica), farsiana (subsumed within werae), laptevi and dementievi (included in shestoperovi), obscurata (synonymized with dzungarica), ordoscensis (included in pubescens), and most recently asoica (type locality NE Iraq, where it is said to be occur between the altitudinal ranges of werae and kurdestanica; unevaluated here); full taxonomic reappraisal required. Sixteen subspecies currently recognized.
Indeterminate mixed populations of present species and A. graeca introduced to UK, Russia, USA (koroviakovi, chukar), Canada, Mexico, St Helena and New Zealand (koroviakovi); races werae and apparently cypriotes introduced into United Arab Emirates; Hawaiian birds known to derive from present species (chukar).
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
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