Family Tanagers (Thraupidae)

Least Concern

Cinereous Conebill (Conirostrum cinereum)


Taxonomy

French: Conirostre cendré German: Weißstirn-Spitzschnabel Spanish: Conirrostro cinéreo
Taxonomy:

Conirostrum cinereum

d’Orbigny and Lafresnaye

, 1838,

Yungas, Bolivia

.

Hitherto treated as conspecific with C. fraseri (see above). Lower-elevation race littorale moderately distinct from nominate, being paler overall (1), rather smaller (effect size for wing –2.52, score 2), arguably with different habitat requirements (ns yet) and apparently with a daytime song with a much narrower frequency range (typically 3–5 kHz vs 7–9 kHz) and higher minimum frequency (typically >5 kHz vs >2 kHz)#R; thus very close to species rank, but further evidence on voice needed to confirm distinctions and to score them robustly. Two subspecies recognized.

What do (1) and (2) mean? Learn more about the scoring system.
Subspecies and Distribution
  • C. c. littorale Berlepsch & Stolzmann, 1896 – Buff-bellied Conebill – W & NE Peru (W coast and W slope of Andes from Cajamarca, and E slope of Andes in upper Marañón Valley) S to N Chile (Tarapacá).
  • C. c. cinereum d’Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1838 – Cinereous Conebill – C highlands and tree-line on E slope of Andes in Peru (from Huánuco) S to N Bolivia (La Paz, Cochabamba and Potosí) and N Chile.
  • Descriptive notes

    12–12·5 cm; 7·8–10·3 g (Chile). Greyish conebill with thin, sharply pointed bill. Nominate race has crown dusky, narrow white band on base of forehead extending rearwards as... read more

    Voice

    Infrequently heard song a fast jumble of twittering notes and phrases, rather like those of several... read more

    Habitat

    In Andean highlands found near tree-line in dry to moderately humid zones, especially bushy... read more

    Food and feeding

    Food items appear to be mainly small insects. Seen singly, in pairs and in small parties (perhaps families); sometimes with small mixed-... read more

    Breeding

    Eggs in Nov in N Chile and Apr in Bolivia (La Paz); fledglings in Jun in Ecuador (Huánuco) and Aug in Bolivia (La Paz); territorial dispute... read more

    Movements

    Mostly resident. Some local or seasonal movements likely, especially in dry tree-line zones.

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. Fairly common. Occurs in a number of protected areas, including Puracé National Park (Colombia), Sangay, Cajas and Podocarpus National Parks (Ecuador... read more

    Recommended citation

    Hilty, S. (2017). Cinereous Conebill (Conirostrum cinereum). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/61751 on 23 November 2017).