French: Bruant cannelle German: Bergammer Spanish: Escribano canelo
“country towards the sources of the Vaal River”, Mpumalanga, South Africa
Subspecies and Distribution
E. t. arabica
(L. Lorenz von Liburnau & Hellmayr, 1902) – S Arabia.
E. t. insularis
(Ogilvie-Grant & H. O. Forbes, 1899) – Socotra I.
E. t. tahapisi
A. Smith, 1836 – C & S Ethiopia, N Somalia and SE South Sudan S through E Africa to SE South Africa; also locally in Angola, and S Gabon E to S DRCongo.
E. t. nivenorum
(Winterbottom, 1965) – S Angola S to C Namibia.
13–15 cm; 11·6–21 g. A widespread Afrotropical bunting with cinnamon-washed underparts. Male nominate race has striking head pattern of black and white stripes (pattern... read more
Male song a short, fast series of notes, ascending in pitch, “chip-chip-ip-ereee” or “cha-cha-cha... read more
Mainly rocky hillsides, stony areas and erosion gulleys in wide range of habitats, from arid and... read more
Food and feeding
Diet mainly grass seeds; also some soft green leaves, nectar and a wide diversity of insects, including termites (Isoptera), hairless... read more
Season Jul–Jan (mainly Sept–Dec) in W Africa, Jan–Jun in E Africa, Apr–Jul in Malawi, Nov–Jun (mainly Jan–Feb) in Zimbabwe, Oct–Apr (mainly... read more
Resident, local nomad and partial migrant. In W Africa, moves N in rainy season and S in dry season... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened. Uncommon to locally common. Density 0·1–0·3 pairs/ha in Eastern Cape and Nigeria, up to 3 pairs/ha in C Zimbabwe; even greater densities locally in N... read more
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