Family Tyrant-flycatchers (Tyrannidae)

Least Concern

Cinnamon Flycatcher (Pyrrhomyias cinnamomeus)


Taxonomy

French: Moucherolle cannelle German: Zimttyrann Spanish: Birro chico
Taxonomy:

M[uscipeta]. cinnamomea

d’Orbigny and Lafresnaye

, 1837,

Yungas, Bolivia

.

Races fall into three groups: single-race “assimilis group”; “vieillotioides group”, three members of which sufficiently alike perhaps to be merged; and “cinnamomeus group”, its two races differing only slightly and perhaps reflecting clinal N–S variation within Andes. Race assimilis, the brightest and most extensively cinnamon of all, merits study for elevation to species rank; nominate and pyrrhopterus distinctive on basis of olive-green vs rufous back (3) and blackish-olive vs rufous or rufous-edged tail (3); dawn songs unknown, but calls of all taxa appear similar. Six subspecies currently recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • P. c. assimilis (J. A. Allen, 1900) – Santa Marta Cinnamon Flycatcher – N Colombia (Santa Marta).
  • P. c. vieillotioides (Lafresnaye, 1848) – Venezuelan Cinnamon Flycatcher – NW & N Venezuela (Andes from N Táchira to Lara; mountains from Yaracuy and Carabobo to E Miranda).
  • P. c. spadix Wetmore, 1939 – mountains of NE Venezuela (NE Anzoátegui, W & C Sucre, N Monagas).
  • P. c. pariae Phelps, Sr & Phelps, Jr, 1949 – Paria Peninsula (Cerro Humo, Cerro Azul), in NE Venezuela.
  • P. c. pyrrhopterus (Hartlaub, 1843) – Sierra de Perijá and Andes of W Venezuela (S Táchira), Colombia, Ecuador and Peru (on W slope to Cajamarca, on E slope to N San Martín).
  • P. c. cinnamomeus (d’Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837) – Andean Cinnamon Flycatcher – E Andes of E Peru (S from S San Martín), Bolivia and NW Argentina (S to Tucumán).
  • Descriptive notes

    11–13 cm; 10·8 g. Overall cinnamon-rufous, with peaked crown. Nominate race has dark brownish crown, semi-concealed yellow coronal patch, indistinct buffy... read more

    Voice

    Call a rattling trill, “trrrt”, “tr-r-r-r-r-r”, “pti-i-i-i-i”... read more

    Habitat

    Clearings, borders and roadcuts in montane forest and woodlands; 600–3550 m, usually 1200... read more

    Food and feeding

    Insects, also some berries. Often forages in pairs; joins, but does not follow, mixed-species flocks. Searches for prey from exposed... read more

    Breeding

    Apr–May in N Venezuela. A nest in Tucumán, Argentina, had eggs on 1 Dec. Nest an open cup made of moss and lichen, placed 1... read more

    Movements

    Mostly resident. In N Argentina apparently absent during winter.

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. Fairly common to common; one of commonest flycatchers in montane forest. Occurs in Henri Pittier National Park, in Venezuela, Tambito Nature Reserve... read more

    Recommended citation

    Farnsworth, A. & Lebbin, D. (2018). Cinnamon Flycatcher (Pyrrhomyias cinnamomeus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/57340 on 20 November 2018).