Family Hummingbirds (Trochilidae)

Least Concern

Cinnamon Hummingbird (Amazilia rutila)


French: Ariane cannelle German: Zimtbauchamazilie Spanish: Amazilia canela

Ornismya rutila


, 1843,

Acapulco, Guerrero, Mexico


Closely related to A. yucatanensis, but not, as claimed, to A. tzacatl and A. amazilia alticola. Formerly listed as A. cinnamomea, but this name was unavailable. Race graysoni sometimes considered a separate species, being considerably larger than other subspecies (estimated 3) and slightly darker and duskier (1). Validity of race diluta has been doubted because of intergradation towards nominate. Name saturata is a synonym of corallirostris. Described form A. bangsi, known from a single Costa Rican specimen, is a hybrid of present species and A. tzacatl. Populations from Yucatán, Honduras, Nicaragua and Costa Rica, formerly attributed to nominate, are more appropriately placed in corallirostris on basis of morphology. Four subspecies recognized.

What do (1) and (2) mean? Learn more about the scoring system.
Subspecies and Distribution
  • A. r. graysoni Lawrence, 1866 – Grayson's Hummingbird – Tres Marías Is, off W Mexico.
  • A. r. diluta van Rossem, 1938 – NW Mexico (Sinaloa, Nayarit).
  • A. r. rutila (DeLattre, 1843) – Cinnamon Hummingbird – W & SW Mexico (Jalisco to Oaxaca).
  • A. r. corallirostris (Bourcier & Mulsant, 1846) – S & SE Mexico (from Chiapas and Yucatán) S to Costa Rica.
  • Descriptive notes

    10 cm; male 4·5–5·4 g, female 4·5 g (nominate), 4·9–6·1 g (graysoni). Male has straight, medium-sized bill,... read more


    Song quite variable, a repeated phrase of some 3–6 thin high-pitched “tsee” notes. Calls include a... read more


    Deciduous and semi-deciduous forests, thorn forests, forest edges, bushy savannas, second growth... read more

    Food and feeding

    Nectar and insects. Often gathers around flowering trees or bushes, sometimes with congeners like A. tzacatl. Feeds on Genipa... read more


    Almost year-round. In W Mexico, nesting or birds in breeding condition were observed May–Feb; in E Mexico (Yucatán), birds in... read more


    Sedentary in Is Tres Marías, partially migratory on mainland, especially N populations.... read more

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened (Least Concern). CITES II. Common to very common in most parts of range, but mainly restricted to lower tropical zones with arid vegetation types. In... read more

    Recommended citation

    Weller, A.A., Kirwan, G.M. & Boesman, P. (2020). Cinnamon Hummingbird (Amazilia rutila). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 24 January 2020).