Family Hummingbirds (Trochilidae)

Least Concern

Cinnamon-throated Hermit (Phaethornis nattereri)


French: Ermite de Natterer German: Zimtkehl-Schattenkolibri Spanish: Ermitaño de Natterer

Phaëthornis nattereri


, 1887,

Caiçara and Engenho da Gama, Mato Grosso, Brazil


One of the small hermits sometimes separated in genus Pygmornis. Similar to P. squalidus and P. subochraceus, but morphological characters indicate closer relationship to P. atrimentalis, P. striigularis, P. griseogularis, P. ruber and P. stuarti. Proposed form P. maranhaoensis, which had been considered a full species or a race of P. squalidus, has been proved to be the adult male plumage (until then undescribed) of present species#R. Exists in two populations which appear to be geographically isolated. Monotypic.


E Bolivia and adjacent SW Brazil (Mato Grosso and E Rondônia); NE Brazil (Maranhão to Ceará, and also recorded in SE Pará and Tocantins).

Descriptive notes

10 cm; 2·5–3 g. Small ­hermit, smaller and paler brown than P. squalidus and P. subochraceus, but larger than most congeners; has... read more


Song is a high-pitched phrase repeated incessantly without pauses between phrases, at a rate of c.... read more


Inhabits variety of vegetation-rich habitats outside rainforest; semi-deciduous forest, second... read more

Food and feeding

Nectar of Pavonia, Helicteres, Ruellia, Bauhinia and other flowering plants, as well as small... read more


Only information available requires corroboration. Nest reportedly attached to underside of palm leaf; height 140 mm, external diameter 45... read more


No information available. Presumably sedentary.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). CITES II. Poorly known, and should perhaps be classed as Data Deficient. Perhaps locally common. In Brazil, occurs in Chapada dos... read more

Recommended citation

Hinkelmann, C. & Boesman, P. (2020). Cinnamon-throated Hermit (Phaethornis nattereri). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 30 March 2020).