Family Hummingbirds (Trochilidae)

Least Concern

Cinnamon-throated Hermit (Phaethornis nattereri)


Taxonomy

French: Ermite de Natterer German: Zimtkehl-Schattenkolibri Spanish: Ermitaño de Natterer
Taxonomy:

Phaëthornis nattereri

Berlepsch

, 1887,

Caiçara and Engenho da Gama, Mato Grosso, Brazil

.

One of the small hermits sometimes separated in genus Pygmornis. Similar to P. squalidus and P. subochraceus, but morphological characters indicate closer relationship to P. atrimentalis, P. striigularis, P. griseogularis, P. ruber and P. stuarti. Proposed form P. maranhaoensis, which had been considered a full species or a race of P. squalidus, has been proved to be the adult male plumage (until then undescribed) of present species#R. Exists in two populations which appear to be geographically isolated. Monotypic.

Distribution:

E Bolivia and adjacent SW Brazil (Mato Grosso and E Rondônia); NE Brazil (Maranhão to Ceará, and also recorded in SE Pará and Tocantins).

Descriptive notes

10 cm; 2·5–3 g. Small ­hermit, smaller and paler brown than P. squalidus and P. subochraceus, but larger than most congeners; has... read more

Voice

Song is a high-pitched phrase repeated incessantly without pauses between phrases, at a rate of c.... read more

Habitat

Inhabits variety of vegetation-rich habitats outside rainforest; semi-deciduous forest, second... read more

Food and feeding

Nectar of Pavonia, Helicteres, Ruellia, Bauhinia and other flowering plants, as well as small... read more

Breeding

Only information available requires corroboration. Nest reportedly attached to underside of palm leaf; height 140 mm, external diameter 45... read more

Movements

No information available. Presumably sedentary.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). CITES II. Poorly known, and should perhaps be classed as Data Deficient. Perhaps locally common. In Brazil, occurs in Chapada dos... read more

Recommended citation

Hinkelmann, C. & Boesman, P. (2018). Cinnamon-throated Hermit (Phaethornis nattereri). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/55374 on 21 November 2018).