Family Woodpeckers (Picidae)

Least Concern

Cinnamon Woodpecker (Celeus loricatus)


French: Pic cannelle German: Rotkehlspecht Spanish: Carpintero canelo

Meiglyptes loricatus


, 1854,



Designated type locality of Peru falls outwith known range of species, and may require revision. Recent molecular study indicated that this species and C. torquatus (including species previously lumped with it) are sisters, and that they are, together, sister to all other members of this genus#R. Wide individual variation, making racial delimitation difficult; race innotatus can be extremely plain, as if belonging to a different species, but this race is particularly variable and barred individuals can occur together with plain ones; birds from C Magdalena Valley (in Colombia) described as race degener, but differences from innotatus considered insignificant. Four subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • C. l. diversus Ridgway, 1914 – SE Nicaragua S to W Panama.
  • C. l. mentalis Cassin, 1860 – Panama and NW Colombia.
  • C. l. innotatus Todd, 1917 – N Colombia (Córdoba to N Santander).
  • C. l. loricatus (Reichenbach, 1854) – W Colombia (Chocó) to SW Ecuador (S to Guayas).
  • Descriptive notes

    c. 19–23 cm; 74–83 g. Male has rufous head and bushy crest, crown streaked black, red-tipped black chin, throat and malar area, sometimes also a few red tips... read more


    Accelerating series of 3–5 fast ringing notes, descending in pitch and amplitude, e.g.... read more


    Inhabits humid and wet forest, rarely in drier areas; occasionally visits forest edge, nearby semi-... read more

    Food and feeding

    Ants and termites; also fruit, e.g. ripening bananas. Usually forages singly or in pairs; only occasionally joins mixed-species flocks.... read more


    Mar–May in Costa Rica and Jan–Apr in Colombia. Hole excavated by both sexes, at 6–9 m in soft wood of living or recently... read more



    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. Generally uncommon, but locally fairly common. Normally inconspicuous, more often heard than seen. Occurs in a number of protected areas throughout... read more

    Recommended citation

    Winkler, H. & Christie, D.A. (2020). Cinnamon Woodpecker (Celeus loricatus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 17 January 2020).