Family Finches (Fringillidae)

Least Concern

Citril Finch (Carduelis citrinella)


French: Venturon montagnard German: Zitronenzeisig Spanish: Verderón serrano

Fringilla citrinella


, 1764,



Previously placed in genus Serinus. Until recently considered conspecific with C. corsicana, but differs in mitochondrial DNA, morphology, habitat selection and voice#R. Monotypic.


N, C and to a lesser extent S Spain E, discontinuously, to S & E France, N Italy, Switzerland, S Germany, E Austria and N Slovenia.

Descriptive notes

11·5–12 cm; 12–14 g. Rather small, greenish finch with short pointed bill and fairly long, slightly forked tail. Male has forecrown to around eye and... read more


Song, throughout year (mostly in winter and during breeding season, rarely in autumn), from treetop... read more


Montane and submontane woods of spruce (Picea), larch (Larix) and pine (Pinus... read more

Food and feeding

Mostly seeds and buds of trees and other plants; some arthropods. Seeds and buds include those of spruce, pine, willow (Salix),... read more


Season end Mar or mid-Apr to Aug; two broods (yearlings only one). Monogamous. Solitary nester or loosely social in neighbourhood groups.... read more


Partial short-distance migrant and altitudinal migrant. Birds from N Alps descend to lower levels... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Common or locally common; uncommon in Slovenia. Estimated global breeding population c. 250,000 pairs, majority of which (c. 230,000 pairs) in Spain... read more

Recommended citation

Clement, P. & de Juana, E. (2020). Citril Finch (Carduelis citrinella). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 27 January 2020).