Family Fairy Flycatcher and allies (Stenostiridae)

Least Concern

Citrine Canary-flycatcher (Culicicapa helianthea)


French: Gobemoustique canari German: Grünkopfschnäpper Spanish: Papamoscas citrino

Muscicapa helianthea


, 1865,

Manado, Sulawesi


Five subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • C. h. septentrionalis Parkes, 1960 – N Luzon (Benguet and Lepanto), in N Philippines.
  • C. h. zimmeri Parkes, 1960 – C & S Luzon.
  • C. h. panayensis (Sharpe, 1877) – W & C Philippines (Palawan, Panay, Negros, Cebu, Biliran, Leyte, Mindanao).
  • C. h. mayri Deignan, 1947 – SW Sulu Archipelago (Tawitawi and Bongao).
  • C. h. helianthea (Wallace, 1865) – Sulawesi, Banggai Is, Sula Archipelago and Selayar I.
  • Descriptive notes

    11·5 cm; 7–9 g. Small ­olive-yellow flycatcher. Nominate race has olive-yellow head and upperparts to lower back, upperwing and tail; eyering and rump bright yellow... read more


    Song a series of 4–5 loud, clear notes at varying pitch or with rising and falling buzzing... read more


    Lowland to submontane and upper montane forests, forest edges, secondary growth and edges of... read more

    Food and feeding

    Food items not well known but include small invertebrates, principally flies (Diptera). Usually in pairs in breeding season; otherwise... read more


    Birds in breeding condition in Apr and May, and nestlings found in Jun and Jul. No other information.



    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. Locally fairly common in Philippines. Widespread and variably uncommon to very common on Sulawesi. Discovered in Sula Is in 1988, and now found to be... read more

    Recommended citation

    Clement, P. (2020). Citrine Canary-flycatcher (Culicicapa helianthea). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 18 February 2020).