French: Bergeronnette citrine German: Zitronenstelze Spanish: Lavandera cetrina
Subspecies and Distribution
M. c. citreola
Pallas, 1776 – Northern Citrine Wagtail – N Europe (Finland, N Russia) E to C Siberia, Transbaikalia, Mongolia and NE China; winters mainly in Indian Subcontinent, also SE Asia.
M. c. werae
(Buturlin, 1907) – E Europe (expanding W and now regular breeder in Baltic Republics, N Poland, Belarus and Ukraine) E to Russian Altai, N & E Kazakhstan and NW China (NW Xinjiang) and, probably this race, in C & E Turkey#R, breeding also recorded in Armenia#R and Syria#R; winters in Indian Subcontinent and SE Asia.
M. c. calcarata
Hodgson, 1836 – Southern Citrine Wagtail – E Iran, Afghanistan, and C Asian mountains from Tien Shan E to C China (E to C Gansu and Sichuan) and S to N Himalayas; winters in lowlands from S Afghanistan E to Myanmar.
16·5–20 cm; 18–25 g. Male nominate race in breeding plumage has bright yellow head and underparts, black lower hindneck and upper mantle, black extending... read more
Song, from bushtop or in flight, 2–4 simple notes, first note often sharper, repeated in... read more
Favours marshes, edges of lakes, willow (Salix) thickets and wet rough grassland in tundra... read more
Food and feeding
Food includes wide variety of invertebrates, often aquatic, and their larvae; recorded items include, among others, nymphs and adults of... read more
Late Apr–Jun, later in N, and May–Aug in SE (calcarata); often two broods. Monogamous; territorial, but may nest semi-... read more
Migratory. Winters in Indian Subcontinent (except S & E) and in SE Asia, smaller numbers also S... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Very common in tundra belt of N Russia, less common farther S; estimated total population in European Russia over 300,000 pairs.... read more
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