Family Pigeons, Doves (Columbidae)

Least Concern

Claret-breasted Fruit-dove (Ptilinopus viridis)


French: Ptilope turvert German: Rotlatz-Fruchttaube Spanish: Tilopo pechirrojo
Other common names: Red-bibbed Fruit-dove

Columbus viridis


, 1766,



Closely related to P. eugeniae, and taxonomy of these two is confused: some authors consider them conspecific; others transfer races vicinus and lewisii to P. eugeniae; some grant species rank to pectoralis, incorporating salvadorii; and race geelvinkianus also sometimes considered a distinct species. Recent genetic data place P. eugeniae amidst individuals of lewisii, perhaps supporting transfer of lewisii (and vicinus) to P. eugeniae, or suggesting incomplete lineage sorting#R. The same genetic study places this species in the group centred on P. tannensis (which see). Supposedly larger form pseudogeelvinkianus (Mios Num) is included within geelvinkianus. In past, also linked with P. rivoli and P. solomonensis. Six subspecies currently recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • P. v. viridis (Linnaeus, 1766) – S Moluccas: Buru, Seram, Ambon, Haruku, Nusa Laut, Saparua and Seram Laut.
  • P. v. pectoralis (Wagler, 1829) – W Papuan Is (Waigeo, Gagi, Kofiau, Misool) and NW New Guinea E to Manokwari and Lobo Bay.
  • P. v. geelvinkianus Schlegel, 1871 – Numfor, Biak and Mios Num, in Geelvink Bay.
  • P. v. salvadorii Rothschild, 1892 – Yapen I, and N New Guinea from Mamberamo R E to Madang Province.
  • P. v. vicinus E. J. O. Hartert, 1895 – Trobriand Is and D’Entrecasteaux Is.
  • P. v. lewisii E. P. Ramsay, 1882 – Manus (Admiralty Is), Lihir Is and Nissan (Green Is) S through Solomons (including Bougainville) E to Guadalcanal, Malaita and Ulawa.
  • Descriptive notes

    20–21 cm; 96 g. General plumage green with a sharply defined area of dark purplish crimson from lower throat to upper breast; chin, face, forehead and fore­crown... read more


    Advertising call is a somewhat mournful 'hoo' series that begins with a diagnostic... read more


    Inhabits primary forest, secondary forest and forest edge, and sometimes lightly wooded cultivation... read more

    Food and feeding

    Frugivorous; no detailed information on diet. Often feeds in small flocks; aggressive at feeding trees, driving away others of its own... read more


    A nest with an egg reported from Seram, in Dec; one with a chick from Bougainville, in Aug. Nest is a flimsy, open platform of sticks,... read more


    No information.

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Poorly known. Reported to be locally common, particularly on small islands. Moderately common in Moluccas. Apparently to some extent... read more

    Recommended citation

    Baptista, L.F., Trail, P.W., Horblit, H.M. & Garcia, E.F.J. (2020). Claret-breasted Fruit-dove (Ptilinopus viridis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 9 April 2020).