French: Hirondelle à front blanc German: Fahlstirnschwalbe Spanish: Golondrina risquera
Other common names:
American Cliff Swallow
Subspecies and Distribution
P. p. pyrrhonota
(Vieillot, 1817) – North America from W & C Alaska and Canada (N Yukon and N Mackenzie E to S Manitoba, S Ontario, S Quebec, Prince Edward I, New Brunswick and Nova Scotia) S to NW Mexico (NW Baja California) in W and, in E, to E USA (S to W Virginia, SE Pennsylvania, W Connecticut and NE Massachusetts, with scattered local populations farther S & E); winters South America.
P. p. tachina
Oberholser, 1903 – S USA (SW Utah S to C Arizona, C New Mexico and SW Texas) S to NW Mexico (Baja California); presumed to winter South America.
P. p. melanogaster
(Swainson, 1827) – SE Arizona and SW New Mexico S to S Mexico (S to Nayarit and Oaxaca); winters South America.
P. p. ganieri
(A. R. Phillips, 1986) – S USA W of Appalachians (WC Tennessee S to S Texas); presumed to winter South America.
13–15 cm; 17–27 g. Nominate race has white to buffy forehead, black lores, glossy deep blue crown, pale grey-brown hindneck; mantle and back glossy deep blue,... read more
Song is a rapid squeaky twittering; other calls include a “chur” call used in many... read more
Open and semi-open areas, especially near water, including grassland, cultivation, forest clearings... read more
Food and feeding
In samples taken throughout North America, diet consisted of 29% Hymenoptera (including ants, bees and wasps), 27% beetles (Coleoptera), 27... read more
Mainly late Apr/May–Jul/early Aug; in USA, first eggs from early Apr in SW (Texas, California) to late May in C & NE (Illinois,... read more
Long-distance migrant, winters in South America. Forms large post-breeding flocks of hundreds,... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Total population estimated at c. 89,000,000 birds. Common in much of range; common to fairly common in Mexico. In USA, breeding range... read more
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