Cape Province, South Africa.
Closely allied to C. eximius and C. dambo. Nominate distinctive, differing from other taxa by its bold-streaked pipit-like breast markings vs plain or weakly streaked breast (3); streakier crown (1); greyish vs warm pale rufous edges to streaking on upperparts shading to pale tawny-tan vs more rufous rump and uppertail-coverts (1); recordings reveal its song follows the pattern of one low note, two high notes and 2–5 ticking notes, whereas races major and marleyi follow slightly different patterns such as 0 + 3 + 3–6 and 3 + 2 + 4–5, but to date none the same as nominate; however, known variation suggests a taxonomic revision based on voice may be unreliable#R. Five subspecies recognized.
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
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