French: Merle cacao German: Kakaodrossel Spanish: Zorzal cacao
M. H. C. Lichtenstein
River Espírito Santo, Brazil
Subspecies and Distribution
T. f. bondi
Deignan, 1951 – St Vincent, in S Lesser Antilles.
T. f. personus
(Barbour, 1911) – Lesser Antillean Thrush – Grenada, in S Lesser Antilles.
T. f. aquilonalis
(Cherrie, 1909) – NE Colombia, N Venezuela and Trinidad.
T. f. orinocensis
J. T. Zimmer & Phelps, Sr, 1955 – W Venezuela and C & E Colombia.
T. f. fumigatus
M. H. C. Lichtenstein, 1823 – Cocoa Thrush – E Venezuela (Delta Amacuro, E Bolívar), the Guianas, N & E Brazil and E Bolivia.
21·5–24 cm; 55–83 g. Nominate race is foxy-brown above, pale orange-brown below, with dark-streaked whitish-buff throat, whitish belly and vent, latter... read more
Song, from middle to upper strata of trees and mostly when breeding (in Venezuela mainly first half... read more
Lower and middle growth of humid forest and forest borders, adjacent clearings with scattered trees... read more
Food and feeding
Earthworms and millipedes, and berries and other fruit. Forages mainly on ground among leaf litter and in lower levels of forest, but... read more
Mainly Nov–Jun in Lesser Antilles; Aug in Colombia; all months except Sept in Trinidad, with strong activity Feb–Jul and peak... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened. Uncommon to locally common. In Venezuela, uncommon to locally fairly common N of R Orinoco, and fairly numerous in E Bolívar in tall v... read more
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