Family Ovenbirds (Furnariidae)

Near Threatened

Coiba Spinetail (Cranioleuca dissita)


French: Synallaxe de Coiba German: Weißkinn-Baumschlüpfer Spanish: Curutié de la Coiba

Cranioleuca vulpina dissita


, 1957,

Coiba Island, Panama


Usually considered conspecific with C. vulpina, but differs in its yellower underparts and more toffee-coloured upperparts (1); slightly shorter wings (allow 1); and notably divergent song, not a fading stuttering series as in C. vulpina but ending with longer emphasized slightly burry notes, overall pitch higher with highest maximum frequency (3), distinctly longer, flatter “long notes” (3) and different note shape (ns[at least 1])#R. Separation supported by genetic analysis#R. Monotypic.

What do (1) and (2) mean? Learn more about the scoring system.

Coiba I (Panama).

Descriptive notes

15–16 cm. Has virtually entire underparts (including tail) russet-brown, but is paler and less rufous on rump, with dull white lores and a very narrow pinkish-buff... read more


Song more like that of C. erythrops than of formerly conspecific C. vulpina;... read more


Inhabits dense undergrowth and vine tangles in forest and forest edge.

Food and feeding

Very few data, but diet and foraging behaviour probably largely similar to C. vulpina.


Nothing known.



Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Currently considered Near Threatened. Range-restricted species (overall range just 493 km²), present in South Central American Pacific Slope EBA.... read more

Recommended citation

del Hoyo, J., Collar, N. & Kirwan, G.M. (2020). Coiba Spinetail (Cranioleuca dissita). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 26 February 2020).