Family New World Warblers (Parulidae)

Least Concern

Colima Warbler (Leiothlypis crissalis)


French: Paruline de Colima German: Colimawaldsänger Spanish: Reinita de Colima

Helminthophila crissalis

Salvin and Godman

, 1889,

Sierra Nevada de Colima, Mexico


Sometimes considered conspecific with both L. ruficapilla and L. virginiae, although this treatment is very rarely accepted. Recent authors have suggested a close relationship with L. celata, based on similarities in size, shape, song and habitat. Monotypic.


Extreme S USA (Chisos Mts, in extreme SW Texas) and mountains of NE Mexico (Coahuila, Nuevo León, NE Zacatecas, N San Luis Potosí and SW Tamaulipas). Migrates to non-breeding grounds on Pacific slope of W Mexico from Sinaloa to Guerrero (mainly Jalisco and Michoacán), also in small numbers in Morelos and Distrito Federal.

Descriptive notes

13·5 cm; 8–11·5 g. The largest and brownest member of genus. Crown and upperparts are grey-brown, crown with semi-concealed rufous patch, side of head... read more


Song a musical trill, varying in pitch, rather similar to that of L. celata; usual call a... read more


Breeds in pine-oak (Pinus-Quercus), oak and pinyon-juniper (Pinus-... read more

Food and feeding

Feeds mainly on insects and other invertebrates, especially spiders (Araneae) and lepidopteran larvae. Gleans and occasionally flycatches... read more


Season May–Jul, egg-laying May–Jun. In areas of highest density, inter-nest distance can be as little as 100 m. Nest a cup of... read more


Short-distance migrant, moving S & SW over C plateau of Mexico to reach wintering grounds.... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Currently considered Near-threatened. Restricted-range species: present in Northern Sierra Madre Oriental EBA. Generally fairly common to common, but... read more

Recommended citation

Curson, J. (2019). Colima Warbler (Leiothlypis crissalis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 7 December 2019).