Family Toucans (Ramphastidae)

Least Concern

Collared Araçari (Pteroglossus torquatus)


French: Araçari à collier German: Halsbandarassari Spanish: Arasarí acollarado

Ramphastos torquatus

J. F. Gmelin

, 1788,

Veracruz, Mexico


Closely related to P. frantzii; although not in full contact, these two have hybridized, and by some may be considered conspecific. Two recent molecular studies found present species to be sister to a clade consisting of P. sanguineus, P. erythropygius and P. frantzii#R#R. All belong to the P. torquatus group, which includes also P. aracari, P. castanotis and P. pluricinctus. Usually considered conspecific with P. sanguineus and P. erythropygius; birds in NW Colombia (NW Antioquia) with some black line on upper mandible are regarded as hybrids with sanguineus, but otherwise correspond to (and hence belong with) torquatus. Birds from SE Mexico (Chiapas), described as esperanzae, now lumped within nominate torquatus; those from NW Venezuela, named as race pectoralis, now included in nuchalis. Three subspecies currently recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • P. t. torquatus (J. F. Gmelin, 1788) – SE Mexico S to NW corner of Colombia.
  • P. t. erythrozonus Ridgway, 1912 – Yucatán Peninsula S to Belize and NE Guatemala.
  • P. t. nuchalis Cabanis, 1862 – N & NE Colombia and mountains of N Venezuela.
  • Descriptive notes

    43–48 cm; 175–254 g (torquatus), 147–198 g (erythrozonus), 232–290 g (nuchalis). Male nominate race with black head and... read more


    Major call “tseeep”, high-pitched and variable, 1–3 per second in series, notes... read more


    Inhabits mainly canopy and midstorey of wet or moist primary forest in lowlands, in some places... read more

    Food and feeding

    Feeds on fruits of species of Bursera, Caesaria, Ehretia, Ficus, Metopium, Myrica,... read more


    Jan–Aug throughout range. May nest in groups, but only one adult incubates and roosts in nest. Displays with swinging, bowing,... read more


    Largely sedentary so far as known, with only local movements.

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. Considered to be common to fairly common in Mexico; common, even locally abundant, in Central America. In Panama, density c. 1 pair or group/5–... read more

    Recommended citation

    Short, L.L. & Kirwan, G.M. (2020). Collared Araçari (Pteroglossus torquatus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 23 February 2020).