Ornismia [sic] torquata
Relationships uncertain within the complex containing C. conradii, present species, C. eisenmanni and C. inca (also relationship to C. prunellei and C. wilsoni); further studies needed. Present species is closely related to C. inca, and traditionally considered conspecific, but differs by its broader white vs narrower rufous breast patch (4); black then blue or blue then green crown vs green then dark crown (3); paler green uppertail (1). Hitherto included C. conradii and C. eisenmanni as subspecies, but they are significantly distinct in plumage. Race fulgidigula is fairly distinctive, with much more extensively and reflectively green throat (including moustachial area) in male (3) and rather paler grey belly in female (1), but additional characters in HBW (paler upperparts and larger breast patch) are not well supported in AMNH and NHMUK material; races insectivora and margaretae resemble fulgidigula but for their green crown patches. Described forms C. traviesi and C. lawrencei are most likely hybrids between present species and, respectively, C. lutetiae and Lafresnaya lafresnayi. Four subspecies recognized.
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
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