Family Nightjars (Caprimulgidae)

Least Concern

Collared Nightjar (Gactornis enarratus)


French: Engoulevent à nuque rousse German: Halsband-Nachtschwalbe Spanish: Chotacabras acollarado

Caprimulgus enarratus

G. R. Gray

, 1871,



Formerly placed in genus Caprimulgus (which see), but differs in various aspects from all other nightjars. Monotypic.


N & E Madagascar.

Descriptive notes

24 cm; 1 female 54 g. Sexes similar. Upperparts greyish-brown boldly spotted blackish-brown, spots edged chestnut; broad rufous nuchal collar with thin, well-­defined... read more


Song of male unknown. Alarm calls of adult at nest are repetitive, liquid “kow” or “keeow” notes;... read more


Mainly lowland primary forest, including dense, humid, evergreen forest; also adjacent second-... read more

Food and feeding

Poorly studied. Probably feeds mainly on insects. Forages by hawking for prey both above and below forest canopy. Also recorded flycatching... read more


Poorly known. Breeds late Sept to early Dec (mainly Oct–Nov). Nest-site usually at edge of forest track or clearing; no nest, eggs... read more


No movements documented. Probably sedentary.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Generally considered rather rare throughout much of range, though usually secretive and difficult to observe, so possibly under-recorded and locally... read more

Recommended citation

Cleere, N. (2020). Collared Nightjar (Gactornis enarratus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 24 February 2020).