French: Géospize des cactus German: Kaktusgrundfink Spanish: Pinzón de Darwin de Española
Santiago (formerly James Island), Galapagos Islands
Subspecies and Distribution
G. s. abingdoni
(P. L. Sclater & Salvin, 1870) – Pinta, in N Galapagos Is.
G. s. rothschildi
Heller & Snodgrass, 1901 – Marchena, in N Galapagos Is.
G. s. intermedia
Ridgway, 1894 – Isabela, Pinzón, Baltra, Santa Cruz, Santa Fe, Floreana and San Cristóbal, in Galapagos Is.
G. s. scandens
(Gould, 1837) – Santiago and Rábida, in C Galapagos Is.
12–14 cm; 20–24 g. A medium-sized ground-finch with long, robust spike-like bill nearly twice as long as it is deep, relatively thick at base, and with distinct... read more
Song a doubled note, “zhhwe zhhwe”, or more complex version, “zhh-wah-wah, zhh-... read more
Found in arid zone, where prickly-pear cactus (Opuntia) present; rarely ventures higher,... read more
Food and feeding
Feeds on prickly-pear cactus pulp, flowers, fruits and insects. Primarily a specialist on Opuntia seeds, which make up more than a... read more
May breed at any time of year, but most breeding occurs during wet season; in wet years more than one brood may be raised. Nest normally no... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened. Common and widespread. Recent increase in prevalence of avian pox in agricultural areas on Santa Cruz I a potential problem.
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