French: Grue cendrée German: Kranich Spanish: Grulla común
Other common names:
Subspecies and Distribution
G. g. grus
(Linnaeus, 1758) – N, C & E Europe to NC China and Russian Far East; winters in France, Iberian Peninsula, NW & NE Africa, Middle East, Pakistan, India and S & E China.
G. g. archibaldi
Ilyashenko & Ghasabyan, 2008 – E Turkey, S Georgia, Armenia and extreme NW Iran, with occasional nesting possible in Azerbaijan#R.
c. 95–125 cm; male 5100–6100 g, female 4500–5900 g; wingspan 180–200 cm. Slate-grey body, with black primaries; dark head has white stripe starting... read more
Calls high-pitched, penetrating and far-carrying. Contact call, given mainly in flight, a deep... read more
Nests in wide variety of shallow wetlands, including forested swamps (especially of birch and alder... read more
Food and feeding
Omnivorous. Plant items generally more important, especially outside breeding season: roots, rhizomes, tubers, stems, shoots, leaves,... read more
Spring breeder; most eggs laid in May. Nest a mound, c. 80 cm wide, of wetland vegetation; sited in shallow marsh or bog, often near... read more
Major migration flyways well known. They comprise: from Scandinavia and N continental Europe... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened (Least Concern). CITES II. Global population estimated to number c. 491,000–503,000 individuals. Only European and European Russian populations... read more
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