Cape of Good Hope, South Africa.
Recent analysis#R supports division into “Northern Fiscal” and “Southern Fiscal” as outlined in HBW, and considerable differences between songs (score 3) from Liberia to Kenya and those in South Africa#R. However, (a) “Southern Fiscal” would incorporate race marwitzi (separate species in HBW) even though isolated by intervening capelli (of N group); (b) huge area of CS Africa unsampled vocally and genetically; (c) differences in sexual dimorphism subtle to non-existent; (d) claims of distinct visual displays cannot be confirmed. Finding that morphologically distinctive L. souzae is sister to “Southern Fiscal” appears to strengthen case for split, but integrative analysis of evidence needed before making change#R. In Lesotho, nominate race and subcoronatus partly sympatric, but interbreeding and occurrence of hybrids limited, suggesting that the two may be separate species#R. Races intergrade in many areas; delimitation of forms sometimes uncertain. Race aridicolus often merged with subcoronatus, but geographically isolated in Namib region; pyrrhostictus sometimes included in nominate. Other proposed races are predator (Ingwavuma, in NE KwaZulu-Natal), subsumed most often into nominate, sometimes into pyrrhostictus; vigilans (Kloof, in E KwaZulu-Natal), synonymized with nominate; and dominator (Muchinga Range, in SC Zambia), merged with capelli. Eight subspecies currently recognized.
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
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