French: Gallinule d’Amérique German: Amerikateichhuhn Spanish: Gallineta americana
Other common names:
M. H. C. Lichtenstein
Subspecies and Distribution
G. g. sandvicensis
Streets, 1877 – Hawaiian Is.
G. g. cachinnans
Bangs, 1915 – SE Canada and USA through Central America to W Panama, also Bermuda and Galapagos; N populations winter S to Panama and possibly beyond.
G. g. cerceris
Bangs, 1910 – Greater and Lesser Antilles.
G. g. barbadensis
J. Bond, 1954 – Barbados.
G. g. pauxilla
Bangs, 1915 – E Panama, N & W Colombia, W Ecuador to coastal SW Peru and N Chile#R.
G. g. garmani
J. A. Allen, 1876 – Andes of Peru, N Chile, Bolivia and NW Argentina.
G. g. galeata
(M. H. C. Lichtenstein, 1818) – N Venezuela, Trinidad and the Guianas S through Brazil to N Argentina and Uruguay.
c. 35–36 cm; male 370–456 g, female 310–398 g (cachinnans); wingspan c. 53 cm. Medium-sized gallinule, at any distance appearing essentially black... read more
Wide variety of clucking and chattering calls, sometimes repeated for long periods. Often emits... read more
Wide range of natural and man-made freshwater wetlands with fringing emergent vegetation, on both... read more
Food and feeding
Omnivorous and opportunistic. Feeds on earthworms, crustaceans, molluscs, adult and larval insects (especially flies, mayflies, caddisflies... read more
Breeds Apr–Jun in North America (season 5–6 weeks longer in S than in N), mostly Dec–Jan in Panama, Jul–Sept and in rainy season in Andes;... read more
In North America most of E population migratory, moving to winter quarters along coast and S to... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Abundant in much of range. Global population estimated to number in excess of 2,000,000 individuals. Widespread and rare to locally... read more
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