French: Quiscale bronzé German: Purpurgrackel Spanish: Zanate común
coast of South Carolina, USA
Subspecies and Distribution
Q. q. versicolor
Vieillot, 1819 – Bronzed Grackle – S Canada from E British Columbia E to S Quebec and Newfoundland, S in USA (E of Rocky Mts and W of Appalachians) to C Texas and W Mississippi; winters S to S Texas and E to South Carolina.
Q. q. stonei
Chapman, 1935 – E USA from New Jersey and Pennsylvania S (mostly along Appalachians) to inland Louisiana, Alabama, Georgia and South Carolina.
Q. q. quiscula
(Linnaeus, 1758) – Purple Grackle – SE USA on Atlantic and Gulf coasts from S North Carolina S to Louisiana and S Florida (including Florida Keys).
Male 27·2 cm, average 119·6 g; female 26 cm, average 92·2 g. Medium-sized icterid with long wedge-shaped tail; plumage entirely black and glossy. Male... read more
Male song a rasping “tzu-dee”, likened to sound made by a rusty gate; each male seems... read more
Original habitat probably groves of eastern cottonwoods (Populus deltoides), American... read more
Food and feeding
Almost omnivorous, but rarely consumes fruits. Contents of 2346 stomachs were 30% animal food, 70% plant food, animal food peaking in... read more
Season Mar–Jul; usually single-brooded. Mostly monogamous, sometimes successively polygynous. Nests solitarily, also in loose... read more
Mostly resident in S of range (Gulf Coast states, Georgia and Florida). Elsewhere a medium-distance... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened. Currently considered Near Threatened. Common to very common throughout range. Global population in 1990 estimated at c. 90,000,000 individuals, but... read more
Only subscribers are able to see the bibliography. Login or Subscribe to get access to a lot of extra features!