Family Sandpipers, Snipes, Phalaropes (Scolopacidae)

Least Concern

Common Greenshank (Tringa nebularia)


Taxonomy

French: Chevalier aboyeur German: Grünschenkel Spanish: Archibebe claro
Taxonomy:

Scolopax nebularia

Gunnerus

, 1767,

district of Trondheim, Norway

.

Possible race glottoides proposed for E populations, on grounds of larger size and details of non-breeding plumage, but differences considered trivial. Monotypic.

Distribution:

N Scotland and Scandinavia E through C Asia to E Siberia and Kamchatka. Winters from W Europe through Mediterranean to Africa, Madagascar, and E through Middle East to S Asia, Indonesia and Australasia.

Descriptive notes

30–35 cm; 125–300 g; wingspan 68–70 cm. Largest Tringa (10–15% larger than T. totanus) with long, robust, slightly uptilted bill and... read more

Voice

Song comprises sustained, richly modulated and quickly given “too-hoo-too-hoo” series, with the... read more

Habitat

Taiga zone, in forest clearings, woody moorland or open bogs and marshes, including blanket bog;... read more

Food and feeding

Chiefly insects and their larvae, especially beetles, but also crustaceans, annelids, molluscs, amphibians and small fish; reported also... read more

Breeding

Lays late Apr to mid Jun in NW Europe. Usually monogamous (occasionally pair-bond survives more than one season), though some males... read more

Movements

Mostly migratory, though some populations move only short distances, with for example small (but... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). In Europe and W Africa probably several 100,000s of birds, although only 25,000 actually counted in coastal Europe and W Africa (of... read more

Recommended citation

Van Gils, J., Wiersma, P. & Kirwan, G.M. (2019). Common Greenshank (Tringa nebularia). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/53904 on 16 February 2019).