French: Huppe fasciée German: Wiedehopf Spanish: Abubilla común
Other common names:
Hoopoe (when lumped with U. marginata)
Subspecies and Distribution
U. e. epops
Linnaeus, 1758 – Eurasian Hoopoe – NW Africa (E to Libya), Canary Is and C & S Europe S to Lebanon, Jordan and Israel (as far S as N Negev), and E to SC Russia (Ob–Yenisey watershed), NW China (Xinjiang) and NW India; probably this race breeding in N, C & E Arabia#R; wintering grounds very poorly known, but W European breeders probably mainly in W Africa, while C & E European breeders farther E, with migratory divide in C Europe at c. 10–12° E#R.
U. e. major
C. L. Brehm, 1855 – Egypt, N Sudan and E Chad (Ennedi).
U. e. senegalensis
Swainson, 1837 – S Algeria (Ahaggar), and dry belt from Senegal E to Ethiopia and Somalia; perhaps this race breeding in SW Arabia (Yemen and extreme SW Saudi Arabia)#R.
U. e. waibeli
Reichenow, 1913 – Cameroon and N DRCongo E to Uganda and N Kenya.
U. e. saturata
Lönnberg, 1909 – SC Russia (E of R Yenisey) E to Russian Far East, Korea and occasionally Japan, and S to C China and Tibet; N populations migratory.
U. e. ceylonensis
Reichenbach, 1853 – plains of Pakistan and N India S to Sri Lanka.
U. e. longirostris
Jerdon, 1862 – Assam and Bangladesh E to S China, and S to N Malay Peninsula and Indochina.
U. e. africana
Bechstein, 1811 – African Hoopoe – C DRCongo E to C Kenya, and S to the Cape (South Africa); recorded also in Sudan#R.
19–32 cm; nominate 46–89 g, africana 38–67 g, senegalensis 39–62 g (sexes combined). Unmistakable, with long, thin, decurved bill (5... read more
Voices of Eurasian and African forms considered identical. Song (audible up to 800 m) in Eurasia... read more
Open country such as pastures, parkland, orchards, sand-heathland, olive groves, vineyards, also... read more
Food and feeding
Mostly larger insects and their soft soil-dwelling larvae and pupae; body size of prey rarely exceeds bill length. Crickets (Gryllidae),... read more
Season Jan/Feb–May/Aug in Palearctic, mostly Aug–Jan in E Africa, Jul–Dec in S Africa (but mainly Sept–Oct), and... read more
N populations migratory (performing loop migration), most others partial migrants; nominate ... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Over 700,000 breeding pairs thought to occur in Europe alone (strongholds in Iberia, with up to 600,000, and France, with c. 30,000... read more
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