French: Martin-pêcheur d’Europe German: Eisvogel Spanish: Martín pescador común
Subspecies and Distribution
A. a. ispida
Linnaeus, 1758 – S Norway, British Is and Spain (except S & E) E to W Russia and Romania; winters S to S Portugal, N Africa, Cyprus and Iraq.
A. a. atthis
(Linnaeus, 1758) – Common Kingfisher – NW Africa and S & E Spain E to Bulgaria, Afghanistan and NW India, then N to C Siberia and NW China; winters S to Egypt, NE Sudan, Oman and Pakistan.
A. a. bengalensis
J. F. Gmelin, 1788 – C India E to SE Asia, S & E China (including Hainan), N to SE Siberia, E Mongolia and Japan; winters S to Greater Sundas, N Sulawesi, Sula Is, N Moluccas and Philippines.
A. a. taprobana
O. Kleinschmidt, 1894 – S India (S of R Godavari) and Sri Lanka.
A. a. floresiana
Sharpe, 1892 – Bali and Lesser Sundas E to Wetar and Timor.
A. a. hispidoides
Lesson, 1837 – Cobalt-eared Kingfisher – Sulawesi, Moluccas and W Papuan Is, and coastal E New Guinea from Sepik R and Aroa R to Bismarck Archipelago, D’Entrecasteaux Is and Louisiade Archipelago.
A. a. salomonensis
Rothschild & E. J. O. Hartert, 1905 – Nissan I (off E Bismarcks), and Solomon Is from Buka and Bougainville SE to Makira (San Cristobal).
16–18 cm; male 23–35 g (atthis), 29–45 g (ispida), 19–40 g (bengalensis), female 30–35 g (atthis), 34... read more
Short, shrill “chee, chee” in flight; alarm a harsher “tjii”; harsh grating... read more
Still or gently flowing water with plentiful small fish, and with reeds, rushes or shrubs on the... read more
Food and feeding
Fish the main prey in Europe: include minnows (Phoxinus), sticklebacks (Gasterosteus), bullhead (Cottus), roach... read more
Lays in Mar–Jul (mainly Apr) in Britain, mainly May in Sweden; in Mar–May in Morocco and Iraq; in Apr–Jul in Kashmir, in... read more
N populations, in areas where freezing conditions in winter, regularly migrate S, generally staying... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened. Widely distributed and common in many regions, but sensitive to river pollution and river management. Population in W Europe estimated to be 10,000... read more
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