French: Plongeon huard German: Eistaucher Spanish: Colimbo grande
Other common names:
Great Northern Diver,
Great Northern Loon
Mainly Nearctic, breeding from 48° N to Arctic Circle (locally S to c. 40° N, and N to c. 78° N); in N Atlantic breeds in Greenland, Iceland, Svalbard, occasionally on Jan Mayen and Bear I#R, and very rarely in Scotland. Winters mainly along coasts of N Atlantic and NE Pacific, also stopping off at Great Lakes.
69–91 cm; 2780–4480 g; wingspan 127–147 cm. Large, with heavy, straightish bill usually held horizontal. Adult breeding plumage Group of three adults,... read more
During breeding, male song distinctive, a loud, wailing “aaoo, weee-wea weee-wea weee-wea... read more
Breeds mostly on rather large, deep freshwater lakes, in areas of coniferous forest or on open... read more
Food and feeding
Mostly fish (c. 55–80% of diet), including cod (Gadus morhua), haddock (Melanogrammus aeglefinus), herring (... read more
Starts in May in S of range, dependent on spring thaw in N. Solitary. Nest a heap of plant matter placed near water’s edge. Clutch 1... read more
Some present year-round in Iceland; otherwise migratory. Generally moves S and towards sea after... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Locally common. Global population of the order of a few hundred thousand birds, or c. 215,000 pairs, but decreased steadily over much... read more
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