French: Martin triste German: Hirtenmaina Spanish: Miná común
Philippines; error = India
Subspecies and Distribution
A. t. tristis
(Linnaeus, 1766) – Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, S Kazakhstan, NW China (NW Xinjiang), Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan S to SE Iran, Afghanistan and almost entire Indian Subcontinent S from Himalayan foothills (except Sri Lanka), thence E to Myanmar, S China (Yunnan and Hainan), Thailand, Indochina, Malay Peninsula and Singapore.
A. t. melanosternus
Legge, 1879 – Sri Lanka.
23–27 cm; 82–143 g. Fairly large, stocky myna with brown, black and white plumage, short bristly feathers on forehead, feathers of crown and nape elongated and... read more
Highly vocal at all times; mimics other birds, and captives imitate human speech. Song by both... read more
Open country, avoiding forest; dry open woodland, floodplains, grasslands, cultivated areas,... read more
Food and feeding
Omnivorous, although insects often predominate in diet (stomach contents of 632 specimens from India held 82% insects by weight).... read more
Season Mar–Aug in C Asia, in most months in Indian Subcontinent (mostly Apr–Jul over much of India; Jan–Mar, May–... read more
Resident throughout range; some local or altitudinal movement recorded. Adults seen to forage 3 km... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened. Common to very common and locally abundant within its original range, which probably extended only from Uzbekistan and Iran in the west through... read more
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