French: Engoulevent d’Amérique German: Falkennachtschwalbe Spanish: Añapero yanqui
J. R. Forster
no locality = South Carolina, USA
Subspecies and Distribution
C. m. minor
(J. R. Forster, 1771) – most of C & S Canada S to N & NE USA.
C. m. hesperis
Grinnell, 1905 – SW Canada and W USA.
C. m. sennetti
Coues, 1888 – CS Canada and NC USA.
C. m. howelli
Oberholser, 1914 – WC & SC USA.
C. m. henryi
Cassin, 1855 – SW USA and CN Mexico.
C. m. chapmani
Coues, 1888 – SE USA (E Texas to South Carolina and S to Florida).
C. m. aserriensis
Cherrie, 1896 – extreme S USA (S Texas) and NE Mexico (S to N Veracruz).
C. m. neotropicalis
Selander & Álvarez del Toro, 1955 – E & S Mexico (S from S Veracruz) S to Guatemala and W Honduras.
C. m. panamensis
Eisenmann, 1962 – Nicaragua S to Panama; possibly this race N to E Honduras and Belize.
22–25 cm; male 46–107 g, female 49–101 g, average appears c. 80 g. Sexually dimorphic; at rest, wingtips usually extend well beyond tip of tail. Crown dark... read more
Territorial/courtship call of male is a nasal “peent”, usually in flight; other calls... read more
Favours open or semi-open arid country: savanna and open grassland, plains, grassland with... read more
Food and feeding
Diet includes moths, bugs, wasps, flies, mosquitoes, mayflies, caddisflies, gnats, flying ants, plant lice, grasshoppers, locusts, crickets... read more
Breeds May–Jul in Canada, late Apr to Aug in N USA, late Mar to Aug in S USA, and mid-May to Aug in Central America. Occasionally... read more
Highly migratory, breeding throughout North & Central America and wintering in South America,... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Widespread and generally common throughout much of breeding range; widespread and locally fairly common in Mexico, where also a... read more
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