French: Rossignol philomèle German: Nachtigall Spanish: Ruiseñor común
C. L. Brehm
Subspecies and Distribution
L. m. megarhynchos
C. L. Brehm, 1831 – NW Africa, W & C Europe E to C Turkey and Levant; non-breeding Africa.
L. m. africana
(G. A. Fischer & Reichenow, 1884) – Caucasus area and E Turkey E to N & SW Iran; non-breeding NE & E Africa.
L. m. golzii
Cabanis, 1873 – E Iran E to Kazakhstan, SW Mongolia, NW China (N Xinjiang) and Afghanistan; non-breeding E Africa.
16–17 cm; 16–39 g. Nominate race is plain warm brown above, shading to rusty-brown tail and rump, whitish below, with slightly sandy-buff breast and flanks; large... read more
Sings extensively at night (to attract mate, ceasing once pair established, except in egg-laying... read more
In Europe in two main habitat types: lowland open woodland with thickets and dense patches of... read more
Food and feeding
Mainly invertebrates (especially beetles and ants) all year; also berries and seeds in late summer and autumn. Stomachs of eleven breeding... read more
Late Apr to mid-Jul throughout Europe; May–Jul in Afghanistan; mid-Apr to Jun in Morocco and May in Algeria; single-brooded in... read more
Migratory, using two main pathways. Nominate race migrates over broad front across N Africa,... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened (Least Concern). European population in mid-1990s esitmated at 3,184,886–4,617,751 pairs, with additional 50,000–500,000 pairs in Turkey... read more
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