Family Ducks, Geese, Swans (Anatidae)


Common Pochard (Aythya ferina)


French: Fuligule milouin German: Tafelente Spanish: Porrón europeo

Anas ferina


, 1758,



Has been thought to be closest to A. valisineria, with which it has hybridized in the wild#R. Hybridization with several species of Aythya and with Amazonetta brasiliensis recorded in captivity. Monotypic.


Breeds in W Europe E through C Asia (in band at 40–60° N) to SC Siberia and N China to 120° E. Winters S to N & E Africa, India and S & E Asia.

Descriptive notes

42–49 cm; male 585–1240 g, female 467–1090 g; wingspan 72–82 cm. Breeding male has rufous-chestnut head, blackish breast, upper mantle, undertail-... read more


Vocalizations generally considered weak, low-pitched and inaudible at any distance. Males are... read more


Well-vegetated eutropic to neutral swamps, marshes, lakes and slow-flowing rivers with areas of... read more

Food and feeding

Seeds, roots and green parts of grasses, sedges and aquatic plants (especially Chara, but also Potamogeton, ... read more


Starts Apr/May, especially latter but depending on region, with breeding grounds in Siberia not usually reached before early May; in S... read more


Partially migratory, but some individuals may migrate very long distances, with up to 1000 km... read more

Status and conservation

VULNERABLE. Abundant, with a global population estimated to number 1,950,000–2,250,000 individuals. Westwards spread registered during 19th century when colonized... read more

Recommended citation

Carboneras, C., Kirwan, G.M. & Sharpe, C.J. (2020). Common Pochard (Aythya ferina). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 21 January 2020).