French: Engoulevent de Nuttall German: Winternachtschwalbe Spanish: Chotacabras pachacua
upper Missouri between Fort Pierre and mouth of the Cheyenne River, South Dakota, USA
Subspecies and Distribution
P. n. nuttallii
(Audubon, 1844) – SW Canada S through W USA to N Mexico; winters S to C Mexico.
P. n. californicus
Ridgway, 1887 – SW USA (W California) and extreme NW Mexico (NW Baja California).
P. n. hueyi
Dickey, 1928 – SE California, SW Arizona and NW Mexico (NE Baja California, NW Sonora).
P. n. dickeyi
Grinnell, 1928 – C & S Baja California.
P. n. adustus
van Rossem, 1941 – S USA (extreme S Arizona) S to NW Mexico (Sonora).
P. n. centralis
R. T. Moore, 1947 – C Mexico from S Durango S to NE Jalisco and Guanajuato.
18–21 cm; male 31–58 g, female 37–58 g. Sexually dimorphic, though only marginally so. Upperparts greyish brown or greyish white, speckled and barred brown... read more
Song of male is a melodious, whistled “poor-will-low” lasting c. 0·5 seconds,... read more
Typically arid or semi-arid country: deserts, gravelly plains, open prairie, grassy hillsides,... read more
Food and feeding
Diet consists mainly of beetles, moths, cicadas, bugs, grasshoppers, locusts, flying ants and flies (once an army ant), with prey up to 40... read more
Probably breeds late May to Sept in N of range, Mar–Aug in S. Probably regularly double-brooded, second clutch often laid within 100... read more
Well known for habit of hibernation during cold weather (see Family Text). Nominate race in part... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened. In USA, not officially listed, e.g. by US Fish and Wildlife Service, as threatened or endangered anywhere in range; in Canada, not listed by... read more
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