French: Chevalier gambette German: Rotschenkel Spanish: Archibebe común
Subspecies and Distribution
T. t. robusta
(Schiøler, 1919) – Iceland, Faeroes and possibly Scotland; winters in British Is and W Europe.
T. t. totanus
(Linnaeus, 1758) – Orkney, Shetland and N Scandinavia S to Iberian Peninsula, Italy, Tunisia and Turkey, and E to W Siberia; winters from Mediterranean to tropical Africa, India and probably Indonesia.
T. t. ussuriensis
Buturlin, 1934 – S Siberia and Mongolia E to NE China (N Heilongjiang) and Russian Far East; winters from E Mediterranean and E Africa through Red Sea, Persian Gulf and Arabia to S & SE Asia.
T. t. terrignotae
R. Meinertzhagen & A. C. Meinertzhagen, 1926 – extreme NE China (S Heilongjiang); winters in SE & E Asia.
T. t. craggi
Hale, 1971 – NW Xinjiang (NW China); wintering grounds uncertain, probably in SE Asia and/or E China.
T. t. eurhina
(Oberholser, 1900) – Pamirs, N India and C & S Tibet; winters in India and SE Asia.
27–29 cm; 85–155 g; wingspan 59–66 cm. Slightly smaller and more compact than T. erythropus and up to 10% smaller than T. nebularia. Ash-... read more
Noisy, especially in breeding season. Display flight, which may cover more than 1 km is given by... read more
Wide diversity of coastal and inland wetlands, including coastal saltmarshes, inland wet grasslands... read more
Food and feeding
Insects, spiders and annelids; non-breeders also consume molluscs and crustaceans, particularly amphipod Corophium volutator; on... read more
Lays Apr–Jun, beginning early Apr around North Sea, mid May in Iceland and late May in N Scandinavia. Monogamous. Moderate degree of... read more
Chiefly migratory, although some birds in Iceland and W Europe virtually resident and as springs... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Overall, global population estimated at 2,261,000 at start of present century, of which 420,000 nested in Iceland. W Palearctic... read more
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