French: Macreuse noire German: Trauerente Spanish: Negrón común
Other common names:
Black Scoter (when lumped with Melanitta americana)
Lapland and England
Breeds in E Greenland, Iceland and N Britain E across Scandinavia and N Russia to R Olenek, Siberia. Winters in Baltic Sea, on Atlantic coast of Europe and N Africa S to Mauritania, and in W Mediterranean.
43–54 cm; male 964–1339 g, female 973–1233 g, wingspan 79–90 cm. Distinguishable from other Melanitta by head and bill pattern, while lack of... read more
Usually silent (although arguably more vocal than other Melanitta), but males produce thin... read more
Breeds on freshwater pools, small lakes or slow-flowing rivers and streams in tundra, northern... read more
Food and feeding
Mostly molluscs (30 different spp., e.g. Macoma balthica, Cerastroderma edule, Mytilus edulis, Mya arenaria... read more
Starts May/Jun, with first broods recorded in Scotland in Jul. Arrives on breeding grounds in pairs, which form in winter, although... read more
Migratory, with initial movement away from breeding grounds to moult commencing in Jun (non-... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Widespread and common over most of range, but probably certain reduction in numbers at present, at least in some areas. Has... read more
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