French: Bécassine des marais German: Bekassine Spanish: Agachadiza común
Subspecies and Distribution
G. g. faeroeensis
(C. L. Brehm, 1831) – Iceland, Faeroes, Orkney and Shetland; winters in British Is.
G. g. gallinago
(Linnaeus, 1758) – British Is, Scandinavia and W Europe through NC Eurasia to Kamchatka and W Aleutians, and S from NE Afghanistan to N India; winters from W Europe, Mediterranean and equatorial Africa through Middle East, Arabia and Indian Subcontinent to E China, S Korea, S Japan, Philippines and Borneo.
25–27 cm; 72–181 g; wingspan 44–47 cm. Small to medium-sized snipe, with rather long bill and white belly; plumage variable, and melanistic morph occurs (e.... read more
Male’s “winnowing” song (drumming) is a slightly accelerating and rising “w-w-w-w-w-w-w-w-w-w” or “... read more
Open fresh or brackish marshland with rich or tussocky vegetation, grassy or marshy edges of lakes... read more
Food and feeding
Diet includes larval insects (10–80%), adult insects, earthworms, small crustaceans, small gastropods and spiders; plant fibres and... read more
Laying Apr–Jun (later at higher latitudes), exceptionally Mar. Monogamous, but both sexes show high degree of promiscuity. Pairs... read more
Mostly migratory, wintering S to N tropics; some populations sedentary or partially migratory, e.g... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Global population recently estimated at more than 4,000,000 birds, but that in Europe numbers 2,670,000–5,060,000 pairs (2000... read more
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