Family Tyrant-flycatchers (Tyrannidae)

Least Concern

Common Tody-flycatcher (Todirostrum cinereum)


French: Todirostre familier German: Graugelb-Todityrann Spanish: Titirijí común

[Todus] cinereus


, 1766,



Eight subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • T. c. virididorsale Parkes, 1976 – SC Veracruz (drainage of R Papaloapan) and adjacent N Oaxaca, in S Mexico.
  • T. c. finitimum Bangs, 1904 – S Mexico (S Veracruz) S to NW Costa Rica.
  • T. c. wetmorei Parkes, 1976 – C & E Costa Rica and Panama, including Coiba I.
  • T. c. cinereum (Linnaeus, 1766) – Colombia (except SW), Venezuela (except NW), the Guianas and NE Brazil (E Roraima to Amapá).
  • T. c. sclateri (Cabanis & Heine, 1860) – #RSW Colombia (SW Cauca, Nariño), W Ecuador and NW Peru (Tumbes, Piura, Lambayeque).
  • T. c. peruanum J. T. Zimmer, 1930 – E Ecuador and E Peru (Loreto S to Cuzco).
  • T. c. cearae Cory, 1916 – E Brazil (E Pará E to Ceará and Alagoas, S to N Bahia).
  • T. c. coloreum Ridgway, 1906 – N Bolivia, N Paraguay, S & SE Brazil (S Mato Grosso E to Espírito Santo and São Paulo, S to Santa Catarina#R) and NE Argentina (Misiones).
  • Descriptive notes

    8·8–10·2 cm; 4·4–8 g. Nominate race male has glossy black forecrown, lores and ocular region, slate-grey hindcrown and upper back giving way... read more


    Shrill short single, double or triple note, “tchik”, “tik”, “teet... read more


    All kinds of open and semi-open areas and edges of forest, mangroves and rivers, e.g. lighter... read more

    Food and feeding

    Arthropods, including small ants and parasitoid wasps (Hymenoptera), spiders (Araneae), lepidopterans, beetles (Coleoptera), bugs (both... read more


    Eggs Dec–Oct. Nest built by both sexes, taking up to 37 days, an untidy elongated pouch with rounded chamber, dangling “tail... read more


    Probably sedentary.

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Fairly common to abundant. Occurs in numerous national parks and other protected areas throughout its large range. Survives well in... read more

    Recommended citation

    Walther, B. (2020). Common Tody-flycatcher (Todirostrum cinereum). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 5 April 2020).