French: Todirostre familier German: Graugelb-Todityrann Spanish: Titirijí común
Eight subspecies recognized.
Subspecies and Distribution
T. c. virididorsale
Parkes, 1976 – SC Veracruz (drainage of R Papaloapan) and adjacent N Oaxaca, in S Mexico.
T. c. finitimum
Bangs, 1904 – S Mexico (S Veracruz) S to NW Costa Rica.
T. c. wetmorei
Parkes, 1976 – C & E Costa Rica and Panama, including Coiba I.
T. c. cinereum
(Linnaeus, 1766) – Colombia (except SW), Venezuela (except NW), the Guianas and NE Brazil (E Roraima to Amapá).
T. c. sclateri
(Cabanis & Heine, 1860) – #RSW Colombia (SW Cauca, Nariño), W Ecuador and NW Peru (Tumbes, Piura, Lambayeque).
T. c. peruanum
J. T. Zimmer, 1930 – E Ecuador and E Peru (Loreto S to Cuzco).
T. c. cearae
Cory, 1916 – E Brazil (E Pará E to Ceará and Alagoas, S to N Bahia).
T. c. coloreum
Ridgway, 1906 – N Bolivia, N Paraguay, S & SE Brazil (S Mato Grosso E to Espírito Santo and São Paulo, S to Santa Catarina#R) and NE Argentina (Misiones).
8·8–10·2 cm; 4·4–8 g. Nominate race male has glossy black forecrown, lores and ocular region, slate-grey hindcrown and upper back giving way... read more
Shrill short single, double or triple note, “tchik”, “tik”, “teet... read more
All kinds of open and semi-open areas and edges of forest, mangroves and rivers, e.g. lighter... read more
Food and feeding
Arthropods, including small ants and parasitoid wasps (Hymenoptera), spiders (Araneae), lepidopterans, beetles (Coleoptera), bugs (both... read more
Eggs Dec–Oct. Nest built by both sexes, taking up to 37 days, an untidy elongated pouch with rounded chamber, dangling “tail... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Fairly common to abundant. Occurs in numerous national parks and other protected areas throughout its large range. Survives well in... read more
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