Family Hummingbirds (Trochilidae)

Least Concern

Copper-rumped Hummingbird (Amazilia tobaci)


French: Ariane de Félicie German: Kupferbürzelamazilie Spanish: Amazilia de Tobago

Trochilus Tobaci

J. F. Gmelin

, 1788,



Sometimes placed in genus Saucerottia. Closely related to A. viridigaster and A. cupreicauda. Proposed race apurensis (from Apure) probably falls within range of individual variation of race feliciae. A specimen said to have been taken on Grenada, and described as Saucerottia wellsi, has alternatively been treated as vagrant of nominate race; its true origin, however, appears dubious. Seven subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • A. t. monticola (Todd, 1913) – NW Venezuela (mountains in C Falcón, Lara and Yaracuy).
  • A. t. feliciae (Lesson, 1840) – N & C Venezuela (Carabobo to Anzoátegui, S to Táchira, W Apure and Guárico).
  • A. t. caudata J. T. Zimmer & Phelps, Sr, 1949 – NE Venezuela (mountains in Sucre and Monagas).
  • A. t. aliciae Richmond, 1895 – I Margarita, off N Venezuela.
  • A. t. erythronotos (Lesson, 1829) – Trinidad.
  • A. t. tobaci (J. F. Gmelin, 1788) – Tobago.
  • A. t. caurensis (Berlepsch & E. J. O. Hartert, 1902) – E & SE Venezuela (Bolívar, N Amazonas).
  • Descriptive notes

    9–11 cm; male 4·6–4·7 g, female 3·5–4·2 g, unsexed 3·5–4·5 g. Male has straight, medium-sized, blackish bill... read more


    Song a repeated phrase of three buzzy or squeaky, well-spaced notes “tee-dee-dew” or “tee-dzee-djit... read more


    Inhabits nearly all types of forest, including gallery forest, cloudforest and rainforest, and also... read more

    Food and feeding

    Feeds mainly on nectar of a great variety of plants; more than 40 species of trees, particularly Erythrina and Calliandra... read more


    Poorly known in mainland races. On Trinidad, breeding recorded from all months except Sept–Oct, with main season Jan–Mar. On... read more


    Insular races generally sedentary, though claimed record from Grenada could refer to a vagrant;... read more

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened (Least Concern). CITES II. Common to very common on the islands of Trinidad and Tobago, where frequently found even in urban areas. Race feliciae... read more

    Recommended citation

    Weller, A.A., Boesman, P. & Kirwan, G.M. (2019). Copper-rumped Hummingbird (Amazilia tobaci). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 6 December 2019).