Family Hummingbirds (Trochilidae)

Least Concern

Copper-tailed Hummingbird (Amazilia cupreicauda)


Taxonomy

French: Ariane à queue cuivrée German: Kupferschwanzamazilie Spanish: Amazilia colicobriza
Taxonomy:

Amazilia cupreicauda

Salvin and Godman

, 1884,

Mount Roraima, Guyana

.

Sometimes placed in genus Saucerottia. Closely related to A. viridigaster and A. tobaci; normally considered conspecific with former, but marked morphological differences, especially in coloration of rump, uppertail-coverts and rectrices, support their separation as two distinct species. Four subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • A. c. cupreicauda Salvin & Godman, 1884 – highlands and tepuis of SE Venezuela, W Guyana and extreme N Brazil (Roraima and N Pará)#R.
  • A. c. duidae (Chapman, 1929) – S Venezuela (Cerro Duida, in Amazonas).
  • A. c. laireti (Phelps, Jr & Aveledo, 1988) – tepuis of extreme S Venezuela; possibly N Brazil.
  • A. c. pacaraimae (Weller, 2000) – SE Venezuela (Cerro Urutaní, in S Bolívar).
  • Descriptive notes

    9–10 cm; male 3·9 g, female 3·5 g. Male has straight, medium-sized bill, maxilla blackish, mandible fleshy red with dark tip; crown golden-green, nape,... read more

    Voice

    Song a repeated rhythmic phrase of c. 4 buzzy or squeaky notes, “tee-djew-tee-djew”, the second and... read more

    Habitat

    Mainly found along forest edges, in clearings and scrub. Ranges from foothills to highlands,... read more

    Food and feeding

    Poorly known; diet includes nectar as well as small insects and spiders. Race laireti recorded feeding on epiphytes.

    Breeding

    Season not well known, but at least Jan–May. One nest, found in Feb in Kanuku Mts, contained two nestlings; it was situated in a... read more

    Movements

    Chiefly sedentary; seasonal altitudinal movements may occur.

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened (Least Concern). CITES II. Fairly common to uncommon, but different populations isolated. Distribution of race cupreicauda apparently... read more

    Recommended citation

    Weller, A.A. & Boesman, P. (2018). Copper-tailed Hummingbird (Amazilia cupreicauda). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/55512 on 14 November 2018).