Family Sunbirds (Nectariniidae)

Least Concern

Copper-throated Sunbird (Leptocoma calcostetha)


French: Souimanga de Macklot German: Kupferkehl-Nektarvogel Spanish: Suimanga de Macklot

Nectarinia calcostetha


, 1843,



Several races have been proposed from various islands off Sumatra, Borneo and Natunas, but none considered adequately differentiated. Monotypic.


Extreme S Myanmar (S Tenasserim), S Thailand, S Cambodia, Cochinchina, and Peninsular Malaysia S on coasts and islands to Sumatra and satellites; W Philippines (Palawan and Balabac), Natuna Is, coasts of Borneo and islands off NE (including Maratua), and also coasts of Java.

Descriptive notes

12·2–13 cm. Male has top of head metallic green, sides of head, hindneck, upper back, upperwing and graduated tail black, lower back, rump and upperwing-coverts... read more


­Utters both a high trill, and a deep melodious trill; also, a disyllabic call resembling that... read more


Inhabits mangroves, heath forest, ­alluvial forest, secondary forest, coastal vegetation,... read more

Food and feeding

Nectar and small arthropods. Feeds on nectar of Bruguiera mangroves. Forages in lower and middle storeys. Very active.


Laying calculated as Jan–Jul in Malay Peninsula, and eggs Mar–Jun, Aug–Sept and Nov in Java; occupied nest in May on Nias... read more


None recorded.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Scarce in Myanmar; common to uncommon in Malay Peninsula; not uncommon in Sumatra and Borneo; uncommon in Java; common in Philippines... read more

Recommended citation

Cheke, R. & Mann, C. (2019). Copper-throated Sunbird (Leptocoma calcostetha). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 20 August 2019).