Family Hummingbirds (Trochilidae)

Least Concern

Coppery Emerald (Chlorostilbon russatus)


Taxonomy

French: Émeraude cuivrée German: Bronzeschwanz-Smaragdkolibri Spanish: Esmeralda bronceada
Taxonomy:

Panychlora russata

Salvin and Godman

, 1881,

Manaure, San Sebastián and San José, Santa Marta, Colombia

.

Monotypic.

Distribution:

N Colombia (lower Magdalena Valley and Santa Marta region) and Sierra de Perijá (N Colombia–NW Venezuela border).

Descriptive notes

Male 8–8·5 cm, female 7–7·5 cm; 3·2–3·6 g. A very distinctive species, readily distinguished from its congeners by rich coppery... read more

Voice

Poorly known. When feeding, a repeated short “tsik” or trk”.

Habitat

Scrub, forest edge and cultivated areas such as plantations and farms; from sea-level to 2600 m,... read more

Food and feeding

Feeds on nectar of Leguminosaceae, Rubiaceae, Heliconiaceae and Gesneriaceae. Trap-liner. Insects are caught in the air by hawking,... read more

Breeding

May–Jun. Cup-shaped nest is placed around 0·8 m above ground, fixed on a sloping branch; lining is of downy plant material.... read more

Movements

Sedentary, with seasonal local altitudinal dispersal, especially after reproduction.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. CITES II. Restricted-range species: present in Santa Marta Mountains EBA and Colombian East Andes EBA. A species with patchy distribution, generally... read more

Recommended citation

Bündgen, R. & Boesman, P. (2018). Coppery Emerald (Chlorostilbon russatus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/55442 on 19 August 2018).