Family New World Sparrows (Passerellidae)

Least Concern

Costa Rican Brush-finch (Arremon costaricensis)


French: Tohi du Costa Rica German: Grauband-Buschammer Spanish: Cerquero costarricense

Buarremon costaricensis


, 1907,

Boruca, Costa Rica


Until recently was often placed in genus Buarremon (or Atlapetes), and considered conspecific with A. assimilis, A. basilicus, A. perijanus, A. torquatus, A. atricapillus, A. phaeopleurus and A. phygas. Molecular and morphological data indicated that all members of above-mentioned group should be treated as separate species#R. Monotypic.


Mountains of SW Costa Rica and adjacent W Panama (Chiriquí).

Descriptive notes

17·4–20 cm; 40–49·5 g. Large brush-finch. Head is black, with broad grey median crownstripe and grey stripe extending from supraloral area back onto... read more


Song high-pitched and thin, a relatively simple series of 1–3 alternated, distinct high-... read more


Undergrowth of dense, humid tropical forest and thickets, at 240–1500 m. Sometimes found in dense... read more

Food and feeding

Variety of insects and seeds; has been seen to eat decaying leaves. Forages on or near ground.


Season Feb–Sept. Nest built by both sexes, a bulky open cup made from stems, vines, leaves and rootlets, lined with fine rootlets, fungal... read more



Status and conservation

Not assessed. Status unclear; perhaps common in appropriate habitat, but difficult to find.

Recommended citation

Jaramillo, A. (2020). Costa Rican Brush-finch (Arremon costaricensis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 26 February 2020).