Family Honeyeaters (Meliphagidae)

Least Concern

Crescent Honeyeater (Phylidonyris pyrrhopterus)


French: Méliphage à croissants German: Goldflügel-Honigfresser Spanish: Mielero alafuego

Certhia pyrrhoptera


, 1801,

Nova Hollandia = region of Port Jackson, New South Wales, Australia


Proposed race indistinctus (Mt Lofty) insufficiently distinct from halmaturinus; rex (King I) and inornatus (Tasmania) included in nominate. Two subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • P. p. halmaturinus (A. G. Campbell, 1906) – Mt Lofty Ranges S to Fleurieu Peninsula and on Kangaroo I, in SE South Australia.
  • P. p. pyrrhopterus (Latham, 1801) – SE Australia on and E & S of Great Divide, from CE New South Wales (S from Barrington Tops–Hunter R region) S to E & S Victoria and extreme SE South Australia; islands in Bass Strait (King I, Kent Group, Furneaux Group); and Tasmania (including offshore islands).
  • Descriptive notes

    14–17 cm; male 15–23 g and female 12–20 g (nominate), male average 15·2 g and female average 12·5 g (halmaturinus). Male nominate... read more


    Noisy, with varied and complex repertoire of contact and social vocalizations; throughout year, and... read more


    Often found in tall, Eucalyptus-dominated sclerophyll forests, including wet sclerophyll... read more

    Food and feeding

    Nectar, fruit and insects, as well as manna, honeydew and lerp. Near Adelaide (South Australia), fed on nectar and insects in roughly equal... read more


    Recorded in all months except Jun, mainly late winter and spring, nominate race eggs Jul–Jan and nestlings late Jul and Sept–... read more


    Resident over most of range, some altitudinal migration in parts of range in Tasmania and SE... read more

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. Locally common. No estimates of total population; recorded densities of 0·06–8·7 pairs/ha at various sites. Widespread in... read more

    Recommended citation

    Higgins, P., Christidis, L. & Ford, H. (2020). Crescent Honeyeater (Phylidonyris pyrrhopterus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 27 January 2020).