Dark-morph variant with heavily banded underparts previously described (from Ecuador) as a separate species, M. taeniatus, and later as race of present species, but has no taxonomic significance. Monotypic.
Central America, sparsely, from extreme SE Mexico (Chiapas and SE Campeche)#R#R, through Guatemala, Belize, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica and Panama to Colombia, Venezuela and the Guianas, and S to Bolivia, Paraguay, extreme NE Argentina (Misiones), though very rare or casual visitor in the last two countries, and S Brazil (to at least Santa Catarina and formerly Rio Grande do Sul); W of Andes, ranges S only to Serranía de Baudó (W Colombia), but several sightings in NW Ecuador (Pichincha)#R.
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
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