Family Hawks, Eagles (Accipitridae)

Least Concern

Crested Goshawk (Accipiter trivirgatus)


French: Autour huppé German: Schopfhabicht Spanish: Azor moñudo

Falco trivirgatus


, 1824,



Recent phylogenetic analysis indicated that this species’ only close relative is A. griseiceps#R. Eleven subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • A. t. peninsulae Koelz, 1949 – SW India.
  • A. t. layardi (Whistler, 1936) – Sri Lanka.
  • A. t. indicus (Hodgson, 1836) – NC, NE & E India and Nepal to S China, including Hainan, and S to Indochina and Malay Peninsula.
  • A. t. formosae Mayr, 1949 – Taiwan.
  • A. t. trivirgatus (Temminck, 1824) – Sumatra.
  • A. t. niasensis Mayr, 1949 – Nias I (off W Sumatra).
  • A. t. javanicus Mayr, 1949 – Java and Bali.
  • A. t. microstictus Mayr, 1949 – Borneo.
  • A. t. castroi Manuel & Gilliard, 1952 – Polillo Is, off E Luzon (N Philippines).
  • A. t. palawanus Mayr, 1949 – Calamian Group and Palawan (W Philippines); possibly this race Natuna Is (off W Borneo).
  • A. t. extimus Mayr, 1949 – Samar, Leyte, Negros and Mindanao (SE Philippines).
  • Descriptive notes

    30–46 cm; 224–450 g, male 352 g, female 563 g (means for unspecified number of formosae); wingspan 68–76 cm (male) or 78–90 cm. Medium-... read more


    Often silent. Calls include a scream "he, he, hehehehe" and when defending nest "loud screams and... read more


    Deciduous and evergreen forest from humid lowlands to foothills; favours forests with scattered... read more

    Food and feeding

    Feeds on small mammals, lizards, frogs, birds, and large insects. Prey size and type vary geographically owing to differences in body size... read more


    Season varies geographically: generally Dec–May, but earlier in S of range; Mar–Jul in India; Feb–Jul in Sri Lanka; Jan... read more


    Believed to be sedentary aside from juvenile dispersal.

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened (Least Concern). CITES II. Little known about numbers or population trends. Apparently uncommon to fairly common throughout extensive range; possibly... read more

    Recommended citation

    Clark, W.S. & Marks, J.S. (2020). Crested Goshawk (Accipiter trivirgatus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 26 February 2020).