French: Autour huppé German: Schopfhabicht Spanish: Azor moñudo
Subspecies and Distribution
A. t. peninsulae
Koelz, 1949 – SW India.
A. t. layardi
(Whistler, 1936) – Sri Lanka.
A. t. indicus
(Hodgson, 1836) – NC, NE & E India and Nepal to S China, including Hainan, and S to Indochina and Malay Peninsula.
A. t. formosae
Mayr, 1949 – Taiwan.
A. t. trivirgatus
(Temminck, 1824) – Sumatra.
A. t. niasensis
Mayr, 1949 – Nias I (off W Sumatra).
A. t. javanicus
Mayr, 1949 – Java and Bali.
A. t. microstictus
Mayr, 1949 – Borneo.
A. t. castroi
Manuel & Gilliard, 1952 – Polillo Is, off E Luzon (N Philippines).
A. t. palawanus
Mayr, 1949 – Calamian Group and Palawan (W Philippines); possibly this race Natuna Is (off W Borneo).
A. t. extimus
Mayr, 1949 – Samar, Leyte, Negros and Mindanao (SE Philippines).
30–46 cm; 224–450 g, male 352 g, female 563 g (means for unspecified number of formosae); wingspan 68–76 cm (male) or 78–90 cm. Medium-... read more
Often silent. Calls include a scream "he, he, hehehehe" and when defending nest "loud screams and... read more
Deciduous and evergreen forest from humid lowlands to foothills; favours forests with scattered... read more
Food and feeding
Feeds on small mammals, lizards, frogs, birds, and large insects. Prey size and type vary geographically owing to differences in body size... read more
Season varies geographically: generally Dec–May, but earlier in S of range; Mar–Jul in India; Feb–Jul in Sri Lanka; Jan... read more
Believed to be sedentary aside from juvenile dispersal.
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened (Least Concern). CITES II. Little known about numbers or population trends. Apparently uncommon to fairly common throughout extensive range; possibly... read more
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