French: Martin-pêcheur tacheté German: Trauerfischer Spanish: Martín gigante asiático
Other common names:
Himalayan Pied Kingfisher
Subspecies and Distribution
M. l. continentalis
(E. J. O. Hartert, 1900) – foothills from NE Afghanistan E through Kashmir to W Bhutan.
M. l. guttulata
(Stejneger, 1892) – C Bhutan E in foothills to NE India and C, S & NE China and (now rare) N Korea, and S to S Myanmar, NW Thailand and C Vietnam.
M. l. pallida
(Momiyama, 1927) – N Japan (Hokkaido), possibly also S Kuril Is.
M. l. lugubris
(Temminck, 1834) – C & S Japan (Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu).
38–43 cm; 230–280 g. Distinctive large kingfisher with long crest feathers. Adult male nominate race white loral spot, long feathers on forehead and crown... read more
Loud “ket ket” in flight, also loud “ping”, deep croaks between paired... read more
Typical habitat is smaller, fast-flowing streams and rivers with rock or gravel base, in forested... read more
Food and feeding
Fish 15–18 cm long, and crayfish. Perches on an overhanging branch, partly submerged log or rock, occasionally bobbing head, raising... read more
Lays in Mar–Jun in Nepal, in Apr in China and in Apr–Jul in Japan. Territory of a single bird may be 4 km². Nest-site a... read more
Altitudinal migration in Japan and the Himalayas, with movement to lower country in winter to avoid... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Widespread and common in some areas, but numbers have declined sharply during 20th century in Hokkaido, and also in Hong Kong, where... read more
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