Family Starlings (Sturnidae)

Least Concern

Crested Myna (Acridotheres cristatellus)


French: Martin huppé German: Haubenmaina Spanish: Miná crestado

Gracula cristatella


, 1766,



Three subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • A. c. cristatellus (Linnaeus, 1766) – S & SE China (S from S Shaanxi, E from C Sichuan and W Yunnan). Recorded in N & E Myanmar, where status unknown#R.
  • A. c. brevipennis E. J. O. Hartert, 1910 – Laos and Vietnam (except S), and Hainan (S China).
  • A. c. formosanus (E. J. O. Hartert, 1912) – Taiwan.
  • Introduced (probably race brevipennis) in Peninsular Malaysia (Penang), Singapore, N Philippines (Manila region of Luzon), Borneo, Japan, Canada (Vancouver), Argentina (Buenos Aires Province) and Portugal (Lisbon and Setúbal).

    Descriptive notes

    25–27·5 cm; 108–140 g. Mostly black myna with elongated forehead feathers directed towards mid-line, forming obvious frontal crest; crown and nape feathers... read more


    Commonest vocalization a trisyllabic call with downward inflection (sometimes upward inflection),... read more


    Open country, including rice paddies and other cultivated areas, also regularly in suburban parks... read more

    Food and feeding

    Diet insects and other invertebrates; also fruit, and will scavenge dead fish and human discards. Insects taken include caterpillars (... read more


    Season Apr–Aug, from Mar in Taiwan, Apr–May in Philippines; sometimes double-brooded. Monogamous, probably with long-term pair-... read more


    Resident, with some dispersal.

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. Common to locally very common in much of native range; uncommon to common to Vietnam and Laos. Nominate race has been recorded in E Myanmar, but... read more

    Recommended citation

    Craig, A. & Feare, C. (2019). Crested Myna (Acridotheres cristatellus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 13 December 2019).